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Question re: verb “analaigh”
Posted: 06 April 2017 10:36 PM   Ignore ]  
Comhalta
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Total Posts:  1
Joined  2017-04-05

Hi,

I am trying to find the correct word for the command “breathe.” I found the word analaigh with the definition “to breathe,” but what if you give a command? I found the word “analaim,” but if I understand correctly, the ending (“im”) is only applied if the verb is an irregular verb and “analaigh” is not irregular.  (Sorry for the lack of accent marks.)

In English, for example, if someone stops breathing you tell them “breathe!” That’s the tense I’m looking for but in Gaelic.

Any assistance is appreciated.

Thank you,

Maegan

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Posted: 07 April 2017 03:33 PM   Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]  
Comhalta
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Total Posts:  182
Joined  2011-11-03
maegan - 06 April 2017 10:36 PM

Hi,

I am trying to find the correct word for the command “breathe.” I found the word analaigh with the definition “to breathe,” but what if you give a command? I found the word “analaim,” but if I understand correctly, the ending (“im”) is only applied if the verb is an irregular verb and “analaigh” is not irregular.  (Sorry for the lack of accent marks.)

In English, for example, if someone stops breathing you tell them “breathe!” That’s the tense I’m looking for but in Gaelic.

Any assistance is appreciated.

Thank you,

Maegan

In Irish the imperative (command) form is the “name” of the verb.
So, the imperative form of análaigh is análaigh:


Análaigh! = Breathe!


(Edit) BTW1: This is the command form for 2nd person singular only.
In 2nd person plural it is:


Análaígí  = Breathe (ye all)!


BTW2: Please note the accent on second a: análaigh


BTW3:
-im is the ending of first person present tense (regular and irregular verbs):
análaím = I breathe

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Posted: 16 April 2017 06:41 AM   Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]  
Comhalta
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Joined  2012-04-22

To give a general tip based on what Labhras has already said, note that some dictionaries (De Bhaldraithe), the verb form is given in the first person present tense.  Not all dictionaries follow this (O Donaill, for example, does not), but just be aware of it when you are looking up words.  A big part of using an Irish dictionary well (or any language for that matter) is learning how to decipher and contextualize what it’s telling you, which gets easier as your knowledge of the language increases, of course.  Good luck!

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