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Mutation and prepositions
Posted: 04 December 2015 04:29 PM   Ignore ]  
Comhalta
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Total Posts:  20
Joined  2015-05-20

I have a question about mutation of consonants. I am wondering if a preposition followed by the article determines whether a word is mutated, rather than the article. Does it, so to speak, over-ride the effect of the article on the consonant?

For example sa (i plus the article) followed by a consonant, would it be:
sa gairdín (because gairdín is masculine and not lenited after the article)
or
sa ghairdín (because sa causes lenition to g)

Or to take an example involving eclipsis:
As an Pholainn (because An Pholainn is feminine and lenited)
or
As an bPolainn (because as and the article causes eclipsis)

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Posted: 04 December 2015 08:52 PM   Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]  
Comhalta
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Total Posts:  182
Joined  2012-01-05

It’s the preposition + article + noun combination that determines the mutation, which may be different from plain article + noun (with no preposition) as well as preposition + noun (with no article).


do + an puts séimhiú on the following (singular) noun, for example (in the Standard and in many dialects), whether the noun is masculine or feminine (although in the Standard a t is prefixed to an sts only for a feminine noun, just as in the nominative). E.g., bád (masculine), do bhád, an bád, don bhád; bean (feminine), do bhean, an bhean, don bhean; sagart (masculine), do shagart, an sagart, don sagart (in the Standard and some dialects; don tsagart in other dialects); sráid (feminine), do shráid, an tsráid, don tsráid. But that’s do, which lenites on its own.


Compare i, which eclipses on its own, but (in the Standard) lenites the following noun when combined with the singular article. For example, bád, i mbád, an bád, sa bhád; buaile (feminine), i mbuaile, an bhuaile, sa bhuaile; sruthán (masculine), i sruthán, an sruthán, sa sruthán; sráid, i sráid, an tsráid, sa tsráid


An Pholainn, sa Pholainn, don Pholainn, as an bPolainn, faoin bPolainn, &c.

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Posted: 07 December 2015 09:19 AM   Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]  
Comhalta
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Total Posts:  20
Joined  2015-05-20

Míle maith agat! Tá sé sin i bhfad níos soléir anois smile

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