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triona ( -
Posted on Sunday, May 23, 2004 - 12:18 pm:   Edit Post Print Post

I am studying grammar and having a bit of trouble studying an chopail. I m wondering if any1 can explain d samples 'dearfach',diultach' agus ceisteach with some examples if possibles,
le meas

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Fear na mBróg ( -
Posted on Sunday, May 23, 2004 - 01:21 pm:   Edit Post Print Post


An madra é?
Is madra é.
Ní madra é.

Is it a dog?
It is a dog.
It is not a dog.

An é an madra?
Is é an madra.
Ní hé an madra.

Is it the dog?
It is the dog.
It is not the dog.


Ar mhadra é?
Ba mhadra é.
Níor mhadra é.

Was it a dog?
It was a dog.
It was not a dog.

Arbh é an madra?
Ba é an madra.
Níorbh é an madra.

Was it the dog?
It was the dog.
It was not the dog.


When used with an adjective, it becomes a verb. Here's some adjectives:


When you say the following:

Is maith liom uachtar reoite.
Is aoibhinn liom uachtar reoite.
Is deas liom uachtar reoite.
Is álainn liom uachtar reoite.
Is uafásach liom uachtar reoite.
Is polaitiúil liom uachtar reoite.

You're saying:

To me, ice cream is good.
To me, ice cream is pleasant.
To me, ice cream is nice.
To me, ice cream is beautiful.
To me, ice cream is frightful.
To me, ice cream is political.

If you leave out "liom", what you've got is the "Free Verb", which does not specifiy who or what is performing the action:

Is maith uachtar reoite.
Ice cream is good.

Is fearr liom uachtar reoite = I prefer ice cream

Is fearr uachtar reoite = Ice cream is the best (Ice cream is preferred)


When used with the preposition "le", it becomes the verb "own":

Is liomsa an milseán.
I own the sweet.
The sweet is mine.

Is le Seán an rothar.
The bike is Seán's.
Seán owns the bike.

Is léise an peann.
The pen is hers.


You can use it to indicate the pertenant information:

Tiocfaidh sé amárach.
He will come tomorrow.

Cathain a thiocfaidh sé?
When will he come?

Is amárach go dtiocfaidh sé.
He'll come TOMORROW.
It is tomorrow that he'll come.

Is é Seán a bhfaca mé.
It's Seán whom I saw.

Is í Máire lenar bhuail sí ag an siopa.
It was Máire that she met at the shop.

Note how you say "Is é Seán", as opposed to "Is Seán", reason being that "Seán" is the definite article. Here's another example:

Is buachaill a bhfaca mé.

No definite, article - no "é" or "í" or "iad".

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