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The Daltaí Boards » Archive: 1999-2004 » 2001 (July-December) » Help with Grammar... « Previous Next »

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Heather (dialup-ip-206-107-177-154.oro.rmci.net - 206.107.177.154)
Posted on Thursday, October 11, 2001 - 09:21 am:   Edit Post Print Post

Can anyone tell me if in Gaelic, when you're making a complex sentence, is it like English(noun and then adverb/adjective), or is it like Spanish (Adverb/adjective and then the noun)? I am confused, because after studying Spanish for two years, I realize how different sentence structure can be in a foreign language.

I appreciate any responses.

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Seosamh (1cust121.tnt68.nyc3.da.uu.net - 63.57.15.121)
Posted on Thursday, October 11, 2001 - 11:46 am:   Edit Post Print Post

Adjectives come after a noun:

bean mhór * a big woman
fear mór a big man
cnoc ard a high hill
lá breá a fine day
oíche bhreá * a fine night

* feminine nouns lenite the following adjective.

Some adjectives are placed before the noun, in which case they become part of a single compound word and usually lenite the following noun:

seanmhadadh an old dog
seancharr an old car
drochphingin a bad penny

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Heather (csnd021p01.snd.micron.net - 209.19.184.2)
Posted on Thursday, October 11, 2001 - 05:10 pm:   Edit Post Print Post

Thank you so much! That really helps me a lot.

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Heather (dialup-ip-206-107-177-195.oro.rmci.net - 206.107.177.195)
Posted on Friday, October 12, 2001 - 09:25 am:   Edit Post Print Post

And what exactly does Níl mean?

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Seosamh (1cust218.tnt67.nyc3.da.uu.net - 63.57.12.218)
Posted on Friday, October 12, 2001 - 04:04 pm:   Edit Post Print Post

'Níl' means 'isn't'. It is the negative form of 'tá'.

An bhfuil pláta ar an mbord? Is there a plate on the table?

Tá, tá pláta ar an mbord. Yes, there is a plate on the table.

Níl, níl pláta ann. No, there isn't a plate.

(Notice that there is no word for 'yes' or 'no' in Irish. Instead the verb is repeated.)

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